# How much coal and water does a steam locomotive use?

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## How much coal does a steam locomotive use?

Using contemporary engineering texts, Shimko found that simple steam engines like Denbigh’s typically burned about five pounds (2.27kg) of coal per horsepower per hour.

## How much water did a steam locomotive use?

Water is the most significant limitation with most locomotives hauling loaded trains at express speeds being limited to about 100 miles (160 km) between fillings of the tender. For the A1 class an average of 40-45 gallons (113-137 litres) per mile is to be expected.

## How much coal does a train need?

Nowadays, 120-car trains are normal with each car carrying roughly 120 tons. Thus the capacity of a modern unit coal train is around 15,000 tons per train.

## Does steam locomotive use coal?

Steam locomotives rely on bituminous lump coal to burn, which is relatively smokeless and comparatively clean.

## How long does it take to fire up a steam locomotive?

A local railroad used to do it in about 3-1/2 hrs from cold boiler to full pressure (around 180psi IIRC after 40 years). They’d start with a wood fire and then add coal. If the engine had been run the day before it would still be warm and would raise steam in 1-1/2 hr or so.

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## Do steam engines run out of water?

During the very early days of steam locomotives, water stops were necessary every 7–10 miles (11-16 km) and consumed much travel time. With the introduction of tenders (a special car containing water and fuel), trains could run 100–150 miles (160–240 km) without a refill.

## How far can a locomotive go on a tank of fuel?

CSX trains can move a ton of freight approximately 492 miles on a single gallon of fuel.

## How much does a ton of coal cost?

In 2019, the national average sales price of bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite coal at coal mines was \$30.93 per short ton, and the average delivered coal price to the electric power sector was \$38.53 per short ton.

## Do trains still run on coal?

In 2020 alone, U.S. railroads moved three million carloads of coal, with each rail car carrying enough coal to power 19 homes for an entire year. Today, the vast majority of coal is used to generate electricity. It is also is used to produce coke and for other industrial purposes.