Is coal traded internationally?

Do countries trade coal?

Important exporting countries for hard coal are Indonesia, Australia, Russia, the United States, Colombia and South Africa who together accounted for around 91% of all coal exports in 2018. The top coal importing countries are China, India, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan together accounting for 65% of coal trade.

Where is coal traded?

Today’s international coal market is divided roughly into two regional markets – Asia-Pacific and the Atlantic across the United States and Europe. In the Asia-Pacific, exporters include primarily Australia and Indonesia, and importers include primarily China, Japan, South Korea, and India.

Does coal have trade?

Global coal trade reached its highest volume ever in 2019 at 1 445 Mt, a 0.8% increase from the previous year1. Trade accounted for 19% of global coal consumption in 2019. … Thermal coal accounted for 76% of global coal trade and met coal for the rest.

Who is the biggest importer of coal?

Searchable List of Coal Importing Countries in 2020

Rank Importer 2019-20
1. China -13.4%
2. Japan -31.4%
3. India -29.8%
4. South Korea -32.7%

Why is coal so cheap?

Coal is only considered cheap because coal plants do not have to pay for the full social and environmental costs of coal burning on people’s health, the natural environment, and our climate. … Wind power is now cheaper than coal in many markets; in the United States it’s now half the price of existing coal plants.

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Does China buy US coal?

Most immediately, though, U.S. coal exports went from practically zero last October to 1.56 million tons in June. (China imported 28.4 million tons of coal that same month.) China is the world’s largest coal importer.

How much coal is left in the world?

There are 1,139,471 tons (short tons, st) of proven coal reserves in the world as of 2016. The world has proven reserves equivalent to 133.1 times its annual consumption. This means it has about 133 years of coal left (at current consumption levels and excluding unproven reserves).

Who does Australia export coal to?


Australian thermal coal exports
South Korea 2.2 7.1
Taiwan 2.1 4.0
India 2.5 906.3
Vietnam 1.4 -44.4

Where does most of our coal come from?

The largest coal reserves are in the United States, Russia, China, Australia, and India. In the United States, coal is mined in 25 states and three major regions. In the Western Coal Region, Wyoming is the top producer—about 40% of the coal mined in the country is extracted in the state.

Does China import coal?

BEIJING, July 13 (Reuters) – China’s coal imports in June rose 35% from a month earlier to their highest level in 2021, driven by robust demand from power generation and industrial activity in the country.