Why does Australia still use coal?
Coal is primarily used as a fuel to generate electricity and in Australia is used to produce about 80% of the nation’s electricity requirements. … Coal is used in cement manufacturing, food processing, paper manufacturing and alumina refineries.
How much coal is still available in Australia?
Coal Reserves in Australia
Australia holds 159,634 million tons (MMst) of proven coal reserves as of 2016, ranking 3rd in the world and accounting for about 14% of the world’s total coal reserves of 1,139,471 million tons (MMst). Australia has proven reserves equivalent to 1,231.3 times its annual consumption.
How long will Australia’s coal last?
At 2016 production levels, Australia’s current recoverable EDR of black coal is expected to last 125 years.
How long is coal expected to last?
Coal is abundant – there’s over 1.06 trillion tonnes of proven coal reserves worldwide. This means that at current rates of production, there is enough coal to last us around 132 years.
How long will we need coal?
Based on U.S. coal production in 2019, of about 0.706 billion short tons, the recoverable coal reserves would last about 357 years, and recoverable reserves at producing mines would last about 20 years. The actual number of years that those reserves will last depends on changes in production and reserves estimates.
What happens if coal runs out?
Burning fossil fuels causes plenty of environmental damage, and the consequent drop-off in carbon emissions would put a halt to climate change — provided we hadn’t already ruined the climate. There also would be indirect benefits: Fish populations would rebound as the fishing industry shuts down.
Is Australia the world’s largest coal exporter?
Australia and Indonesia were the biggest exporters of coal for making steel and burning in power stations, together accounting for 59% of the world’s seaborne coal market. When countries report their national emissions to the United Nations, only fossil fuels burned domestically are counted.