What is the best fuel for a forge?
Coal and propane are the most typical fuels used in blacksmith forges. On the East Coast, coal is readily available and therefore more affordable than on the West Coast. Coal burns more efficiently and hotter than wood. Because of its efficiency, the volume of coal needed is substantially less, too.
Can you use regular coal in a forge?
Get a steady fire going with newspaper,wood shavings, and tinder. Once the fire gets hot, put in the coal. If you must avoid smoke/smell, use charcoal, anthracite, or pre bought coke for this step – you can use bituminous later and more cleanly once the Fire gets going.
What burns hotter coal or coke?
Coke is a cleaner, and it gets hotter burning fuel than coal, but it also requires more air to light and remain lit. Higher Forging Temperatures. It burns cleanly, cokes up well, making fire management a breeze, and produces little clinker.
Is it cheaper to forge with coal or propane?
If you have access to some basic welding and shop equipment you can build your own gas forge out of a 2-1/2 to 5 gallon propane or air tank. I built mine for less than $100. … Depending on the type of smithing that your doing gas is also generally considered more expensive than coal.
How much coal does a forge use?
How much coal do you need? Bit of a tricky question! This of course depends on how much forging you will be doing. If you are doing an afternoon of forging then 20 pounds of hardwood lump charcoal should be plenty and 5 pounds of coal should do.
Is charcoal the same as coal?
Coal is a natural mineral that forms over the span of millions of years while charcoal is a manufactured product created from wood. While coal in its natural state is never used alone in a barbeque or smoker, it is commonly added to charcoal briquettes to increase the energy density.
What type of coal burns most cleanly?
Anthracite is used for space heating as it is one of the cleanest types of coal to burn—producing less smoke than other types. Its clean burning properties allows anthracite to burn longer than wood, making it appealing to use in home heating stoves.
Why do blacksmiths use coke?
Blacksmiths tend to prefer coke from bituminous coal because it is mid-grade and burns very clean. … When this coal smolders, the impurities burn out, leaving carbon, which is referred to as coke. Once the coal is reduced to coke, it burns hot and is used to heat metal in the forge.
Can coke be made from anthracite?
Coking coal, also known as metallurgical coal, is used to create coke, one of the key irreplaceable inputs for the production of steel. There are many varieties of coal in the world, ranging from brown coal or lignite to anthracite. … Coke is produced by heating coking coals in a coke oven in a reducing atmosphere.
What is a coal forge made of?
A forge typically uses bituminous coal, industrial coke or charcoal as the fuel to heat metal. The designs of these forges have varied over time, but whether the fuel is coal, coke or charcoal the basic design has remained the same.