What are the properties of coal?
Chemical properties of coal
- Moisture. Moisture is an important property of coal, as all coals are mined wet. …
- Volatile matter. …
- Ash. …
- Fixed carbon. …
- Relative density. …
- Particle size distribution. …
- Float-sink test. …
- Abrasion testing.
What is the physical property of coal?
The porosity also affects the physical and chemical properties of coal. The surface and body of coal are full of holes composed of organic matter and minerals, and coal is a porous solid substance with different pore size distributions; micropores are the main type of pore.
What are the chemical properties of coal?
The mean coal composition (dry, mineral free basis) ranges from 69.6% carbon, 4.85% hydrogen, 1.05% nitrogen, 1.25% sulphur, 21.0% oxygen, 1.14% calcium, 0.19% magnesium, 0.2% aluminium, 0.49% iron, 0.06% sodium, 0.043% boron (5.0% ash) for Mangatoi seam 2 to 70.2% carbon, 5.27% hydrogen, 1.0% nitrogen, 3.08% sulphur, …
What are two physical properties of coal?
Other properties, such as hardness, grindability, ash-fusion temperature, and free-swelling index (a visual measurement of the amount of swelling that occurs when a coal sample is heated in a covered crucible), may affect coal mining and preparation, as well as the way in which a coal is used.
What are the 5 main types of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite. The ranking depends on the types and amounts of carbon the coal contains and on the amount of heat energy the coal can produce.
What are the properties and uses of coal?
Coal is primarily used as fuel to generate electric power in the United States. In coal-fired power plants, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, or lignite is burned. The heat produced by the combustion of the coal is used to convert water into high-pressure steam, which drives a turbine, which produces electricity.
What is the chemical and physical properties of coal?
Result of chemical composition and physical characteristic (proximate, ultimate analysis and calorific value of coal and mangrove wood were as follow: coal from Kaltim Prima Coal were moisture: 16.11%, ash: 3.77%, volatile matter: 43.10%, fixed carbon: 37.01%, carbon content: 44.86%, sulfur content: 0.130% and …
What are the characteristics of good quality of coal?
Good burning characteristics – Complete combustion without agitation. Good grindability – sometimes it is needed to grind coal before burning. Good coal should not cause high abrasion on the machine. High ash softening temperature – High Ash softening temperature lower the risk of slagging.
What are different types of coal state their properties?
|Coal||Dry, Carbon content (%)||Dry, volatile content (%)|
What is the formula of coal?
The chemical formula of coal is reported as: C135H96O9NS. Coal is usually taken as 85% carbon based on dry mass.
What is a advantage of coal?
❖ Coal is plentiful in many places and it is easy to access through mining, so people rely on it to produce energy. ❖ Coal is easy to store. Once it is mined it can be safely stored with no hazard of fire or explosion like there is with gas or oil. ❖ It is relatively easy and inexpensive to convert coal into energy.
What is the Colour of coal?
Fresh coal is a jet-black rock that is noticably less dense than most other rocks. In the field, however, weathering often gives the coal a greyish, yellowish, or rust-colored coloring. If you see a dark gray or black sedimentary layer in an outcrop, it is probably either coal or black shale.
What are the properties of coke?
Coke, a solid fuel produced by high temperature distillation of coking coals, is the primary fuel of the blast furnace. Its properties include high porosity, high carbon content, high strength and hardness, and low amount of volatiles.