What do you mean by destructive distillation of coal?
destructive distillation. noun. the decomposition of a complex substance, such as wood or coal, by heating it in the absence of air and collecting the volatile products.
What is known as destructive distillation?
Pyrolysis is also referred to as destructive distillation or carbonization. It is the process of thermal decomposition of organic matter at high temperature, about 900°C.
What is coal tar used to manufacture?
Coal tar is widely used to manufacture paints, perfumes, synthetic dyes, photographic material, drugs and explosives.
What is the main aim of destructive distillation of coal?
A process by which organic substances such as wood, coal, and oil shale are broken down by heat in the absence of air. This causes them to break down into solids, liquids, and gases, which are then used to make products such as coke, charcoal, oils, and ammonia.
What is meant by carbonization?
Carbonization is the complex process of concentrating and purifying carbon by denaturing organic matter with heat in the presence of little to no oxygen. In the context of coal, carbonization consists of four coincident and partly competing steps.
What is the difference between coke and coal?
Coal is a lustrous, black fossil fuel that includes impurities, generates smoke, and generates less heat than coke when burned. Coke is a dingy, black coal waste that burns hotter and cleaner. … Coke is a fuel made from mineral coal that has been calcined or dry distilled.