What is soft coal and hard coal?
Soft coal, in the United States, bituminous coal (q.v.), as opposed to hard coal, or anthracite. In Europe the designation soft coal is reserved for lignite and brown coal (qq. v.), whereas hard coal means bituminous coal.
What are the 4 grades of coal?
Coal is classified into four main types, or ranks: anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite. The ranking depends on the types and amounts of carbon the coal contains and on the amount of heat energy the coal can produce.
Which is the softest type of coal?
Bituminous coal, often called “soft coal,” has slightly lower carbon content than anthracite (45%-86%)1. The wide range of carbon content in bituminous coal warrants use for both electricity and steel production. It can be identified through its shiny luster and layered texture.
Which is the purest form of coal?
High grade (HG) and ultra high grade (UHG) anthracite are the highest grades of anthracite coal. They are the purest forms of coal, having the highest degree of coalification, the highest carbon count and energy content and the fewest impurities (moisture, ash and volatiles).
Which burns hotter coal or coke?
Coke is a cleaner, and it gets hotter burning fuel than coal, but it also requires more air to light and remain lit.
Which is not a type of coal?
Siderite is not a type of coal. Siderite is a mineral composed of iron (II) carbonate (FeCO3). Anthracite, lignite and peat are the different kinds of coal.
Is coal worse than oil?
Petroleum (crude oil): Produces less CO2 emissions than coal during production. Scientists estimate that reserves may run out of oil in a century or two. Natural gas: The cleanest burning fossil fuel. It produces less CO2 than oil and coal.
Why is some coal shiny?
Anthracite is a high-rank coal, representing a coal that has been subjected to the highest grade of metamorphism. Anthracite is shiny black, hard and brittle (see Figure 2.8) and has the highest fixed-carbon content (approximately 86–98%). Due to its low volatile matter (2–12%), anthracite’s combustion process is slow.