What was the cause of the Anthracite Coal Strike?

What was the solution to the 1902 coal strike?

On October 23, 1902, the miners returned to work after both sides agreed to settle the strike based on the recommendations of the Anthracite Coal Commission, a body appointed by the president. Ultimately, the miners won a ten percent increase in pay and a nine-hour workday.

What is the significance of the coal strike of 1902?

The victory in the anthracite coalfields breathed new life into the American labor movement. 55 It strengthened moderate labor leaders and progressive businessmen who championed negotiations as a way to labor peace. It enhanced the reputation of President Theodore Roosevelt.

What is considered the most significant outcome of the 1902 Anthracite Coal Strike?

What is considered the most significant outcome of the 1902 anthracite coal strike? This strike caused the expansion of presidential authority.

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What was the outcome of the strike by 147 000 anthracite coal miners in Pennsylvania in 1902?

The results for miners and operators were mixed. An important union victory was the permanent establishment of the UMW in the anthracite coalfields, along with a nine-hour day, a 10 percent pay increase, and a structure for discussion and arbitration.

Who assigned a judge to help end the coal miners strike?

The intervention of judge Langham played a crucial role in the outcome of this strike. On April 1, 1919, 350 miners struck after the company refused to recognize the UMWA as their bargaining agent. Evictions followed and the conflict intensified.

Who ended the coal strike of 1902?

The union also accepted the commission and, on October 20, voted to end the anthracite strike. The anthracite-coal commission recommended in March 1903 increasing miners’ pay by ten percent (one-half of their demand), reducing the working day from ten to nine hours, and other concessions.

What was the result of the 1902 Anthracite Coal Strike?

The unions were willing to negotiate but the coal miners refused to participate in the conciliation process until President Roosevelt intervened. The Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902 resulted in a victory for the hard-coal miners with a 10% increase in wages and an hours reduction in their working day.

Why was the 1902 coal strike significance quizlet?

– The United Mine Workers of America went on strike in 1902 to call to attention their low wages, long hours, and poor conditions. – Coal was important for winter fuel, so the federal government was alarmed as to how to handle it. – Roosevelt wanted to intervene in the strike.

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What role did President Theodore Roosevelt play in the great coal strike of 1902 quizlet?

What role did Theodore Roosevelt play in the coal strike of 1902? Roosevelt insisted that no one should own the miners. When the owners refused to arbitrate he threatened to send the army so they gave in. Roosevelt made sure the miners got a square deal.

How did Roosevelt earn the name trust buster?

A Progressive reformer, Roosevelt earned a reputation as a “trust buster” through his regulatory reforms and antitrust prosecutions. … His “Square Deal” included regulation of railroad rates and pure foods and drugs; he saw it as a fair deal for both the average citizen and the businessmen.

How did muckrakers bring about change or help America to move forward quizlet?

Muckrakers exposed big industries such as meat packaging (Sinclair), Standard Oil Company (Tarbell). This opened the eyes of Americans not only to the conditions of the factories, but the harsh labor (long work days and dangerous conditions). The impact of exposure led Americans seeking the need for reform.

What event was a turning point for reform in workplace safety?

What happened at the triangle shirtwaist company and how did it cause changes in the workplace? 140 men and women died during the disaster; tragedy led to NY reforms of safety measures, factory inspections, and sanitation that became a nationwide model.