When was coal mining regulated?

Is coal mining regulated?

Most coal-mining States now have the primary responsibility to regulate surface coal mining on lands within their jurisdiction, with OSMRE performing an oversight role. … OSMRE then provides oversight of the State’s or Tribe’s implementation of the regulatory program.

Why is the Smcra of 1977 so important?

The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands.

When did mining safety reforms began in the United States?

The law was enacted on March 30, 1970. Subsequent laws improved mine safety and health even more, extending protections to metal and nonmetal mines and creating an enforcement agency under the Department of Labor — the Mine Safety and Health Administration, or MSHA.

Is mining legal?

Federal law primarily governs mineral ownership, operations, and environmental compliance, with state and local Governments having concurrent or independent authority over certain aspects of federal land mining projects (e.g. permitting, water rights and access authorisations).

Where did MSHA authority come from?

MSHA was created in the Labor Department by legislation in 1978. Previously, responsibility for enforcement of federal mine safety and health legislation belonged to the Department of the Interior and, prior to 1973, to the Bureau of Mines.

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Who regulates mine safety?

MSHA is responsible for enforcing the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (Mine Act) as amended by the MINER Act of 2006. The Mine Act gives the Secretary of Labor authority to develop, promulgate, and revise health or safety standards for the protection of life and prevention of injuries in the nation’s mines.

Why must a mining company reclaim a mine?

It ensures that coal mining operations are conducted in an environmentally responsible manner and that the land is adequately reclaimed during and following the mining process.

Is the Smcra successful?

This is the true success of SMCRA. About 29.5 billion tons of coal have been mined while SMCRA has been in place. Most of that, about 90 percent, was used to generate electrical power. During this same time, the coal mining industry has successfully reclaimed more than 2 million acres (2,238,560) of mined lands.

Why do abandoned mines post a problem?

With coal production at its lowest level in 30 years, abandoned mines around the country are causing major environmental problems. They can catch fire, and debris from them can contaminate the water supply.