Which are the product of hydrogenation of a coal?

What are the products of hydrogenation?

Ammonia, fuels (hydrocarbons), alcohols, pharmaceuticals, margarine, polyols, various polymers and chemicals (hydrogen chloride and hydrogen peroxide) are products treated using a hydrogenation process. The most commonly hydrogenated product is vegetable oil.

What is the product of a hydrogenation reaction?

An example of an alkene addition reaction is a process called hydrogenation.In a hydrogenation reaction, two hydrogen atoms are added across the double bond of an alkene, resulting in a saturated alkane.

What is the end product of hydrogenation called?

At high temperatures, during hydrogenation, the double bond can rearrange (or change positions) in unsaturated hydrocarbons. If they rearrange, the end result may be a product that still contains double bonds. In nutrition we call these products, following hydrogenation, trans fats.

What are the harmful effects of hydrogenation?

Side effects of hydrogenated oil

According to the FDA , trans fat can raise people’s low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. This is also known as “bad cholesterol.” Higher LDL cholesterol levels increase a person’s risk of developing heart disease, which is the leading cause of death in the United States.

What are the importance of hydrogenation in our daily life?

Answer: Hydrogenation is important for two reasons in the fats and oils industry. It converts the liquid oils into semisolid or plastic fats for special applications, such as in shortenings and margarine, and it improves the oxidative stability of the oil (Dijkstra et al., 2008; Nawar, 1996).

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What is the process of hydrogenation?

Hydrogenation involves the chemical addition of hydrogen to the unsatu- rated carbon – to – carbon double bonds in a fatty-oil or fatty-acid molecule. The reaction is carried out by mixing the heated oil and hydrogen gas in the pres- ence of a catalyst.

What is hydrogenation short answer?

Answer: Hydrogenation is an addition reaction between the hydrogen and other compounds in the presence of a catalyst. Example: Hydrogenation of ethene involves the addition of two hydrogen atoms across the double bond of ethene as a result saturated ethane is formed.

What is hydrogenation and its application?

Industrial application: Hydrogenation is used in many industrial applications. For example; in Petrochemical Industry, hydrogenation is used to convert alkenes into alkanes (paraffins) and cycloalkanes. Hydrogenation is also used to prepare vegetable ghee from vegetable oils.

Why is it called saponification?

The reaction is called a saponification from the Latin sapo which means soap. The name comes from the fact that soap used to be made by the ester hydrolysis of fats. Due to the basic conditions a carboxylate ion is made rather than a carboxylic acid.