Is black coal cleaner than brown coal?
Brown coal is not as efficient at burning as black coal (because of its high moisture and low carbon content) and therefore it produces up to 30 percent more greenhouse gas emissions than black coal when used to generate electricity.
Does Australia use brown coal?
Brown coal, or lignite, is the lowest rank of coal and although it is present in all states of Australia it is most abundant in the Gippsland Basin (Victoria). Smaller amounts of brown coal are also located in the Otway (Victoria), Murray (Victoria/South Australia) and Eucla (Western Australia/South Australia) basins.
Why is there so much coal in Australia?
Coal is primarily used as a fuel to generate electricity and in Australia is used to produce about 80% of the nation’s electricity requirements. … Black coal was first discovered in Newcastle 1791 and coal mining and exports commenced soon after in 1799.