Where does the matter and energy in coal come from?
Coal is called a fossil fuel because it was made from plants that were once alive! Since coal comes from plants, and plants get their energy from the sun, the energy in coal also came from the sun. The coal we use today took millions of years to form.
Where does the energy source in coal come from?
Coal takes millions of years to form
Coal contains the energy stored by plants that lived hundreds of millions of years ago in swampy forests. Layers of dirt and rock covered the plants over millions of years. The resulting pressure and heat turned the plants into the substance we call coal.
What is the chemical composition of coal?
Because it originally formed from plants, coal contains mostly carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Coal helped create the carbon-based branch of chemistry we call “organic chemistry.” When coal is heated in the absence of air, its complex mixture breaks down into simpler forms.
Is coal still being formed?
Coal is very old. The formation of coal spans the geologic ages and is still being formed today, just very slowly. Below, a coal slab shows the footprints of a dinosaur (the footprints where made during the peat stage but were preserved during the coalification process).
How many years will coal last?
In order to project how much time we have left before the world runs out of oil, gas, and coal, one method is measuring the R/P ratios — that is the ratio of reserves to current rates of production. At the current rates of production, oil will run out in 53 years, natural gas in 54, and coal in 110.
What is the main source of electricity in the world?
Globally we see that coal, followed by gas, is the largest source of electricity production. Of the low-carbon sources, hydropower and nuclear make the largest contribution; although wind and solar are growing quickly.
What are the 4 stages of coal formation?
There are four stages in coal formation: peat, lignite, bituminous, and anthracite.
Is coke obtained from coal tar?
Coal tar: It is obtained as a by-product in the process of making coke. Though its colour is the same as coke, tar is a highly viscous liquid.
Coal And Its By – Products: Coke, Tar And Coal Gas.
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